Wild bird feeder: options, drawings, how to fill and for whom?
Scientists now unequivocally agree that there are no harmful birds at all. Even such arrogant crooks as gray crows and cormorants benefit, as it turned out, still a lot more than harm. The documented attacks of the bearded eagle and the lamb on climbers were caused by the fact that climbers were approaching their nests; A brood is a brood, it needs to be protected. The second, in which experts are unanimous, is that in winter, a bird feeder is needed in residential areas. Many of the smallest and most useful of them do not make regular flights, but take fodder migrations in winter. Near human habitation, fodder lands stay in abundance longer than in the wild, and when the real cold weather breaks down, there will not be enough energy to fly: there will be nothing to profit from on the way.
If you describe the bird in one word, it will be – movement. Birds, when adverse conditions hibernate or otherwise save their own energy resources, do not exist and cannot be: adaptation of an organism to flight requires a high metabolic rate. If the bird is hungry and / or cold, it is more and more worried, looking for something to nibble on. At the same time, it does not weaken until it falls, numb, under the feet of a passer-by. Take it to veterinarians – maybe they do. But it’s better, after spending a little work, to build a feeding trough for the winter with your own hands; almost any household waste or scrap will do.
Wild birds in the winter on feeders
Gardeners, gardeners and summer residents who visit their site in the winter will be of great benefit from this: even grain-eating birds, sparrows, for example, brood are fed with insects. In the spring, just in time for the hatching of the chicks, pests wake up and become active. If you make a bird feeder in the autumn and feed a useful community on the site, see fig., The cost of plant protection products will be much less. The bird feeders, let the reader know, can be made attractive to some types of birds and not very convenient to others, which are of less benefit. How exactly – this is the focus of this article. Not to the detriment, let us hope, of other aspects of the issue, such as materials, cheaper or even free-of-charge, design, etc.
What to be a feeding trough?
Imagine first a feeder project. Let’s imagine it, because you don’t need to draw it up on paper and mess with it in offices with serious uncles and corrosive aunts. But, firstly, you need to know where and why there will be a winter bird’s canteen: in the city, outside the city, for temporary feeding during the cold or for the constant cultivation of useful helpers. Secondly, who will we feed? Whom to let forward, and who unobtrusively ask to wait? For example, if others have a bad time, sparrows, crows and pigeons will surely be killed. They have long made friends with a man and will find something to profit from in the most ferocious nourishment, while in the country house or in the estate from other birds there will be more sense.
Having decided on the "circle of the desired clientele", we choose the design of the feeder. Not only do the birds not eat the same thing, they take food in different ways: from the ground or from an extensive, firm, even support, from thick branches, twigs, and tree trunks, clinging to them with claws, from swaying thin twigs and blade of grass; The design of the feeder should provide the advantage of access to feed to the desired guests. We don’t mean birds taking food from the summer, they are all migratory. After that, we will choose the material for the feeder, preferably free, and only by it you will see how to make it. Such here is about PPR (work plan).
Who will feed?
As already mentioned, sparrows, pigeons, and especially the raven, need to be brave from the feeder. Which birds are desirable on it? Of course, wintering in the area. They can be divided into 2 categories: the first – nomadic. They do not have specific wintering places; where there is enough food, it’s good there in the winter. At the trough they will be the most frequent guests. The second is obligate, i.e. necessarily wintering at their permanent feed stations (sites). Only extreme circumstances can drive them to the feeder: especially severe winter, etc. In the middle zone of the Russian Federation and in the south of Siberia, birds come to the feeder, in addition to the ubiquitous annoying sparrows, depicted in rice; a list with the names is below it.
Birds you can expect in the winter at the manger
- small spotted woodpecker;
- pine nut or nut;
- common oak tree;
- great tit;
- blue titmouse;
- crested tit;
- Muscovite tit;
- long-tailed tit;
The first trinity is obligatory wintering insectivorous birds. Nuthatch and pika take out insects from cracks in the bark and wood moves with specially adapted beaks for this. Woodpeckers, as you know, are being cut to production. You can almost certainly only wait for a small speckled woodpecker at the feeding trough: he can already be said to have completely bunched up with people, and with a lack of animal food he is able to feed on solid seeds. Other woodpeckers (black or yellow, large variegated, green, gold or Syrian) will not fly to the feeder for anything, but if a nuthatch and / or pika appeared there, then this winter the birds are generally ill, and the food should be given high-calorie with animal fats and proteins; which one – more on this later. All these birds take food, clinging to a support.
Crossbills also winter obligate, but feed on husking coniferous seeds of cones, these are the most specialized of hacking birds, and their beak has turned into something like tongs. Even crossbills chicks are hatched in the middle of winter, when there are plenty of rushing cones. Taking food from a branch or clinging to a support, they generally do not care, if only not from the ground. Jay with cedar – also hullers, but not so skillful. Cedar, by the way, can be seen not only in the north; sometimes she undertakes long-distance fodder migrations, during which she reaches Spain.
It is possible to attach hullers to the site, but homemade feeders for them need a special type, see below. Huskers are also sold ready-made, but there is nothing in them that could not be done by yourself. They will also fit for crossbills in case of crop failures, however, after feeding, they will fly back to the forest.
Note: just in case, let’s remind you: insectivorous forest birds and hullers fly to people for food in the most extreme case, and then they definitely need to offer nutritious high-calorie food. Along the way, they thoroughly clean the garden from the wintering harmful stuff.
Bullfinch, waxwing, oak tree and goldfinch are considered predominantly fruitful birds. This is not a mistake, it is not about the flesh, but about juicy fruits and berries. Their bones in the digestive tract of these birds, as a rule, are not digested, but the germination of seeds after such treatment is increased. That is, fruit-eating birds contribute to the spread of berry shrubs and trees. However, the nestlings are fed by the insectivorous birds, but for now / when there is no harvest, they themselves are not squeamish. Actually, mid-latitude fertile birds can be considered avian omnivores, because animal feed makes up a considerable share of their diet. Goldfinch can generally consume more insects than plant foods. In the extermination of wintering pests, they complement insectivores and hullers, because those, as a rule, do not take prey completely open and motionless, for example. pupae.
It is advisable to plant fertile birds on a site, but with caution. Pieces of soft, juicy plant foods laid on the roof of the feeder will be a good spice: apple stems with seeds, pumpkin, and cucumber. However, before putting a bait, you need to take a closer look at the supporters: if you see oak trees among them, it is better to abandon the plantation. In the spring, he pecks out swollen buds and in some places has become a real scourge of gardens. Later, the oak tree more than compensates for the damage, destroying in large quantities May chives and caterpillars of cabbage, but still it is not necessary to promote its excessive reproduction.
Note: it is sometimes advised to put branches, which stood at home in the water before the swelling of the kidneys, as a winter vitamin top dressing. No need, like any other seedlings, and even absolutely useful tits can learn to "oak-bearing". The best vitamin top dressing for birds in winter is apple and pear seeds with seeds, pumpkin fiber core with seeds, viburnum, rowan, elderberry, dried rosehip berries, cherry (can be made from compote) and grape seed. See feed below for more information.
Fruit-eating birds take food from the ground and cling to a support, so that there can be any feeder for them, except for a swinging suspension, see below. They are stronger and stronger than sparrows, but not so impudent, therefore, titmouses are not competitors, if there is enough food. Goldfinches are most often on the feeder; they are close to becoming obligatorily wintering symbionts of man. It is useful to remember Saint-Exupery: "We are responsible for those we tamed."
Siskins, oatmeal and greenfinch – birds are granivorous. There is nothing to fear from sprouts from them: they prefer seeds of wild herbs. Chicks are fed by insects. Feed is taken from the ground and from a swinging twig / blade of grass. They are friends with titmouse, but sparrows should be dealt with from their feeders: small-eating, small-sized, not very strong and non-aggressive birds.
Note: the author is deeply convinced that the old song about the fawn, who drank vodka on the Fontanka, is not only mocked by the cadets of some of the elite cadet corps, wearing yellow-black uniforms. The siskin in nature is indeed somewhat dull and arrogant, like a novice breeze-major who just grabbed (pulled, grunted, missed, rolled, chilled, knocked over, etc., etc.) see pic on right. Which does not prevent him from being bird-like cautious and prudent.
Finally, a horde of titmouse birds that steal wheat only in the house that Jack built. In fact, insects are an indispensable and significant part of their diet, and they are diverse. If the great and crested tits are able to cope with the locusts, then the long-tailed with the nut is not averse to bite aphids with spider mites. Tits were completely merged with people, there is no need to respect them, they themselves will arrive. Top dressing in the usual winter should be given dry vegetable, and in severe frost – highly nutritious, like other insectivores. Then, bored during the winter on the dry land, titmouse in the spring will take over the pests, not allowing them to properly squeeze the sting, and so it will immediately not be ready for germination with crops. And whoever survives in this beak, will not be able to inflict significant damage to the crop. Titmouse food can be taken from the thinnest branches trembling with the wind; they have only one evolutionary step left to learn how to eat from the summer. This facilitates the creation of specialized titmouse canteens.
What to do with sparrows?
Sparrows are useful no less than other granivorous ones, but they are impudent, sly, keep in packs. And an ordinary bird feeder, unlike ravens and pigeons, is quite suitable for them in size. Sparrows take food mainly from the ground, but are not afraid of branches. Therefore, they are able to gobble up other birds, when for those feeding is a matter of life and death, while the tweeting rogues themselves could hold out somehow. So it is advisable to arrange a winter bird feeder in such a way that sparrows fly to it only if the wind is walking in the goiter.
Diagram of a bird feeder unattractive to sparrows
Here one can use their caution and manner of avoiding danger. If you notice, the sparrows flee, starting from a place abruptly up. Therefore, a feeding trough in low notches (windows for access of birds to the feed) and a steep roof with large overhangs for sparrows is unattractive: to get away from there, you must first flip to the side, and this is not a passerby. An “anti-sparrow” feeder can be made according to the sample of a chicken feeder, the diagram in Fig. Next, we consider other options.
Types of feeders
When choosing the type of feeder, in addition to the species composition of the guests, you need to keep in mind the following:
- Birds are oriented mainly by sight; their hearing is weak, and the scent, one might say, none. Therefore, feed must be visible from afar.
- Food must be protected from being inflated by the wind, snow and eating away by unwanted visitors like squirrels or chipmunks.
- It is also advisable to avoid spilling feed on the ground so as not to give “beacons” to small predators. By the way, the most dangerous of them are not cats, domestic and wild, but much more cunning, ferocious and bloodthirsty ferrets, weasels and ermines. A lot of them live near housing, only they are very good at not catching the eye.
- Hangers for temporary top dressing in winter are better to hang, so they will attract less sparrows.
- Stationary feeders for planting birds on a site should be placed on poles with protection from predators, see below. Birds flying for feeding will recognize the site as their own if they find food on a sufficiently large, level, stable area.
Based on the foregoing, we will see which winter bird feeders are better in which case. Their main types are shown in the figure:
Types of winter feeders for wild birds
1 – suspension feeder. Just feed on a thread or in a mesh cover. Typically a blue bird feeder in case of extreme cold. Of other birds, it can be visited by forest insectivores, except for woodpeckers. Top dressing is an “antifreeze” for tits – just a piece of unsalted fat, pos. 1 on the trail fig. A more nutritious option, also designed for hullers, is a ball made from a mixture of seeds (see below), fastened with frozen interior fat (lard) or peanut butter in a vegetable net, pos. 2. However, it is not necessary to pour the feed mass into plastic cups or beautiful shapes and freeze it (pos. 6,7), it is difficult for birds to cling and calories from feeding may not compensate for the energy consumption for keeping the wings fluttering. A ball from the finished mass must be sculpted with hands in the cold; fat freezes quickly and the ball can be hung immediately.
A suspension feeder can be made for birds of certain species. For example, big tits willingly peck garlands of dried berries (especially rose hips) or peanut pods, pos. 3, 4. But the azores love to ride on a swing, and balls for them need to be hung on the thinnest and most elastic twigs or even originally designed in the form of mobile sculptures, or mobiles, poses. 5. Great tits will fly there too, but they do not fight with blue tit.
Hanging top dressing from a cone would be good for hullers, bullfinches and waxwings; for noticeability, it’s nice to supplement it with a bunch of viburnum or mountain ash, pos. 1 in the following figure:
Lump suspension feeder
If there is no bruising cone, any tousled one will go: it is doused with peanut butter (pos. 2), solid food is stuffed between the scales (pos. 3), and hung. Bird lovers and animal photographers, hanging bumpy bids from the summer, manage to make even regular crossbills with their regular guests.
A pendant feeder for any birds taking food from a swinging support can be whipped up from paper. In fact, paper is not a material for winter feeders: it slackens, pecks. But a spool from a toilet paper roll, smeared with the same peanut butter and sprinkled with seeds (see the figure on the right), can save more than one feathered poor fellow right before our eyes, and you can make such a feeder in just 5 minutes. The colored tails below are not a fad; they are visible to birds from afar and attract their attention. It is better to make tails red and / or green: for birds, red is berries, and where there is green in winter, there is food there.
2 – a platform. Advantage – food is clearly visible. Disadvantages: the snow falls asleep, the wind blows, a lot of it wakes up, sparrows on it like at home.
Feeder house out of the box
3 – a house. The food is protected from snow; Having picked up the roof structure, the feeding trough-house can be made windproof and anti-fox. But the food wakes up a lot anyway, and only birds will fly to the usual feeding for lunch. Forest, reaching for housing in an extreme situation, may simply not see what is there and crash dead in two steps. The house-feeder with a sloping roof can also be whipped up from the box, as shown in Fig. on right. If circumstances allow, then it is advisable to saturate the box with three to five diluted PVA (it is still useful for cardboard feeders), and stick the supports from sticks / twigs. Then the construction is not enough for one winter. This trough is nailed to a tree with nails.
Note: the feeder-platform, as needed (weather, etc.), can be turned into a house and vice versa by attaching a removable roof made of thin hard plastic, see fig. left. PET from cut bottles sewn with fishing line or chopped with a stapler is well suited, but thin polycarbonate will also work. In the latter case, it is necessary to nail the slats with grooves from the sides of the platform and push-pull in the roof in them.
The feeder house with a sloping roof is also convenient for large and strong birds: pigeons, waxwings, jays, pine nuts. They all do not mind feeding in a row, so the house-dining room for them needs to be done with a perch. Material – any suitable, including and processed cardboard as a substitute for wood, see below. The feeder for these birds should be larger than for small birds; approximate dimensions see fig. on right. It is tempting to build a similar one quickly from the shoe box, on the sidebar in the same place, but it won’t last long: strong active birds will tear and peck the weak material for feeding two.
4 – bunker. Optimal in all respects, including anti-fungi. The fact is that sparrows are flocks of birds. If the flock doesn’t fit on the feeding area, 1-2 sparrows will not “run into” oatmeal with gadgets: they will eat in a strange company, but in turn and respecting decency.
Homemade Bunker Bird Feeders
Homemade hopper feeders come in a variety of designs, see fig. In the center – a special one for tits and small spotted woodpeckers (a hard narrow platform, see below). She is also the one on the right – anti-passerines. Modern materials allow the manufacture of such an effective feeder as a bunker, to lay in 5 minutes. As is clear from fig. on right.
Making a hopper feeder for birds from a bottle
Materials – PET bottle, plastic plate, kapron thread, superglue. Tools – scissors, knife, gypsy needle. And this feeding trough will serve not one winter.
5,6 – tray. The food is poorly visible, so this is a feeding bowl for the familiar and familiar birds. What is better to do before the letok, landing pad or perch-six, depends on the type of feeding; which is more convenient for anyone, we will look further along the way. They are divided into designs with free access to feed (5 in the figure at the beginning of the section) and its automatic feeding into the feed tray (6 in the same place). The latter are even better than bunkers: the feed practically does not wake up. We will deal with them further in more detail. A trough feeder can be designed adapted only for 1 or several species of birds (6), but for this you need to have serious knowledge in ornithology, the appropriate tool and skills; specialized tray feeders are available in a fairly wide range.
Note: if the tray dining room is planned to be publicly available, the food in it can be made clearly visible by filling the hopper fully or partially transparent with plastic.
7 – specialized trough-hoeing machine for birds of the appropriate type of food. The feed is held by a metal mesh. It can be combined with a tray and thus become combined.
Materials and constructions
The most popular plastic feeders today. There are several reasons: empty unfit plastic containers have nowhere to go, transparent plastic allows you to make food visible from afar, working with plastic is lightweight, non-rubbish and can be done at home without special tools. Plastics are strong, racks, bird feeders from them will last more than one year and can be performed of any type.
Plastic Bird Feeders
If you will make a feeding trough-house from plastic, pos. 1 in Fig., Note that the roof should be matte and generally opaque. Wild birds, of course, are quicker than tame canaries and parrots, but when they see a cat sneaking up (or, say, the shine of a lens), it can hit the transparent one.
Good small plastic feeders are obtained from old toys: cubes, etc. They are made from polyethylene, so the only reliable way to glue, for example, a roof is with instant cyanoacrylate glue (superglue). The feeders are clearly visible, all birds are more or less curious, so there are no problems with the visibility of the feed. Round openings in polyethylene are easily cut with two-needle compasses. Homemade products in pos. 2 for complete bird happiness, only perch perches are missing: slippery polyethylene.
On pos. 3 and 4 are already purchased plastic feeders. Just a note: the house at pos. 3 costs 180 rubles, and a transparent "company" in pos. 4 – three times more. But the same feeder can be glued from scraps of polycarbonate and provided, if you really want the window, with suction cups for the bathroom shelves.
Feeders made of unfit plastic containers deserve special analysis, see fig. below. Very well thought out design in pos. 1. A wide tray provides good visibility of the feed, and in combination with a perch allows any bird to feed. The large capacity of the tray and the corresponding feed reserve in it do not require the frequent approach of breadwinners, which scares the birds less. The trough-shaped shape of the tray ensures minimal feed spillage. Bent up hatches-wings give an anti-fungus effect; the platform formed by them from above allows you to put a juicy vitamin top dressing.
Fertilizer bird feeders
Feeders for pos. 2 and 3 are focused on tits, carduelis and granivorous. The main thing in them is a properly arranged dispensing tray, see below. Feeders are simpler for the same tribe, pos. 4 and 5, you can hang, if sparrows do not really bother. On pos. 4 went the container from the computer drives, it’s more for the little things like a siskin, and the power point from the sour cream bucket (item 5) will feed the bullfinches with waxwings.
Plastic can also include feeders from used containers from liquid products. Milk-kefir packages, however, are cardboard, but are laminated with a film on both sides, so that the winter will last. Well, but the bottles and the bucks, they are from PET. From small milk-juice packets, excellent feeders for tits, carduelis, and granivorous animals are obtained, you just need to insert a roosting stick, pos. 1 on the trail fig. For the same birds, if baclaga is involved, it is necessary to cut openings in the vessel about 6×8 cm, each from 3 sides, not reaching 3-4 cm to the bottom, and bend the valves outward, pos. 2.
Bag and Bottle Bird Feeders
If instead of shaky valves, a hard wooden circle is screwed from below, then you can count on the visits of a small colorful woodpecker. He won’t sit on a blue-headed valve: what kind of woodpecker will he be if he doesn’t cling to the tree with his claws?
From large packages, public dining rooms are obtained, then the openings need to be cut out more so that the feed is visible from afar. In the case when the feeder is suspended in free space, it is also necessary to pierce it with a pole, pos. 4. When placed in a bush as perches for tits, its branches, pos. 5, and the sparrows will be uncomfortable here.
Baklag and tray …
How to make a bird feeder from a plastic buck
How to make a feeder from a plastic baklaga and a bottle of 0.25-0.5 liters, shown in Fig. on right. The hook below is optional, you can hang a hanging feed on it, see above. However, for other types of feeders, the dispenser tray from the bottle may be too big. In this case, it can be glued from cardboard or several layers of paper impregnated with diluted PVA, see next. Figure:
Buckwheat bird feeder tray device
The yellow arrows show the feed paths. To make it wake up less, the inner end of the roost stick should reach the rear edge of the tray; Of course, you can pierce the vessel through them. The arrows in the center of the circle give a horizontal and vertical scale, i.e. the summer will be 6 cm in diameter, this is enough for birds no larger than a great tit.
… and a house of packages
Juice bag feeder
From 2 packets of juice, we get a good blue bird feeder-house, see. Fig. on right. The entire structure is fastened with straws from the same juice, their protruding ends will be perches. To prevent the perches from bending (the corrugation of the straw remains outside), it is advisable to insert thin twigs into the tubes; can be broken right there on the spot.
Wood feeders are good for their durability: impregnated with varnish, water-polymer emulsion or its substitute in the form of diluted PVA and painted, they serve for years. Therefore, wooden feeders are most often stationary. Of course, for their manufacture you will need a carpentry tool with a separate workplace.
Simple homemade bird feeder made of wood
The traditional design of a wooden feeder is a house. A view of the simplest home-made feeding trough made of wood with dimensions is shown in Fig. left. However, firstly, such a feeder does not protect the food from weathering, because the space under the flat roof is blown through. Secondly, it seems to be slightly changing the configuration and proportions of the parts, it is possible to specialize the feeder quite strongly. E.g. pos. 1 in fig. below is publicly available. Pos. 2 attracts hullers: planting on the side rails and pulling seeds through the crate will give a complete illusion of the usual feeding process. Pos. 3 and 4 – with a weakened blowing of the feed and a noticeable anti-fowl effect, for small and larger birds, respectively. Pos. 5 – almost windless and fundamentally anti-sparrow: a sparrow that has retained common sense will fly into such a place only in the most extreme case.
Winter bird feeders made of wood
Winter hanging wooden feeders are more convenient and easier to make from plywood and bars of approximately 30×30 or 30×40 mm. Here you can do without lumber at all by gluing PVA bars from strips of the same plywood. However, stationary feeders on poles will be more durable from solid wood, because plywood in the open air, in addition to expensive birch waterproof, after a season or two begins to delaminate at any impregnation.
Drawings of a stationary wooden bird feeder
For an example in fig. above – a drawing of a summer cottage, garden park or forest feeder for all types of birds. The tin tray on the pillar not only prevents predators, but also serves as a sparrow canteen. A lifting liner (it slides freely around the column) facilitates cleaning and allows birds of one species to feed from their recess, leaving others to others. On a pillar under the roof, you can hang nets or cones with food for hullers, and hanging food for tits to the corners of the site. The roof is removable on hooks for easy care.
Two-story hanging bird feeder
The suspended analogue of such a feeder, as is now customary to express it, with simplified functionality, is shown in Fig. on right. The diameter of the floors is about 500 mm. The protrusions on the middle platform are convenient for birds staring at the feed before proceeding to the meal. In this case, the sparrow is intended for the upper platform: these balamutes will scatter food anyway, so you can do without a side, although it does not hurt.
In fig. below – wooden feeders, hopper and tray, which can be turned into combined, suitable for peasants. The fact is that in these designs, to improve the visibility of the feed, the bins are made with glazed windows. Replacing the glass with a steel mesh with a mesh of about 5×5 mm will allow hillers to pull out seeds while the rest peck from the trays or from the platform.
Wooden bird feeders with good feed visibility
How to do without a tree
Wooden feeders look better than plastic homemade products, they are easier to adapt to the needs of both bird and master. But what if there is no wood tool or if you don’t want to start a joiner in the house with its sawdust and shavings?
A feeder, not inferior to a wooden one in terms of convenience, appearance and capable of lasting at least 3-4 seasons, can be made of corrugated cardboard from packaging boxes that have become unnecessary. Of course, it will take more time, but only a pencil, a ruler, a square, a sharp knife, scissors, an awl, PVA glue and a brush for it will be needed from the tool. The technology is similar to making cardboard shelves:
The manufacture of a substitute for wooden boards from corrugated cardboard
- For each part, 2-5 are cut, depending on the required thickness, of the blanks-plates of the same size, but with an inner corrugation oriented alternately along and across, see Fig. on right;
- Each layer is impregnated on one side with a water-polymer emulsion. In small packaging, it is not for sale, but its full replacement is three to five PVA diluted with water. This work needs to be done on a lined plastic film;
- After a day (if the layers dried at room temperature), the part is glued together with PVA in the same order: corrugation along / corrugation across, see the same pic;
- The part is dried on a film, from above it is also covered with a film and pressed down with several books covering evenly its entire area;
- The feeder is assembled on the same PVA glue;
- After drying, the end joints are reinforced with studs from toothpicks or pointed matches without heads: the holes for the studs are pricked with an awl from top to bottom, a drop of glue is introduced into each and immediately the stud is pressed;
- The open ends are sealed with strips of plain cardboard or thick paper soaked in diluted PVA;
- After 3-4 days of drying, the product can be painted, varnished, decorated with plastic openings, attached a net, etc.
Anyone who undertakes tinkering, wants to do something of their own, unusual and unique. Unusual feeders can be divided into original feeders according to the technique of execution or any functional features and simply beautiful, designer. One of the other, of course, is not a hindrance, would have been hands with his head in place.
The first few, say, technical-functional, are shown in the figure:
Original bird feeders
Pos. 1 – special for hullers, fruit-eaters and large grain-eating. An ear is put on a nail driven through the bottom. It should be noted that corn should be solid, fodder or oilseeds, with smaller grains. Table sugar will harm the birds: its grains contain too much starch and sugar.
Pos. 2 comments are not required: over the summer, ice cream sticks have been accumulated, then PVA, ropes, and that’s all. If you make a six on each side, then you can immediately feed 4 siskins or gaiters. Pos. 3 woven from paper tubes. The work is complex and time-consuming, especially when you consider that they need to be carefully protected from deoxidation. However, judging by the fact that in such a small area, as many as 3 big tits are fed and another one is waiting in line, the birds really like this creation.
Stamping the end of the cable
Finally, pos. 4, from a can. It would not hurt instead of slipping a cold piece of iron to put perch from a stick into a braid. The manufacturing technology allows this: the can is tied with a rope in the same way that sailors, riggers, or, say, high-altitude installers, put a mark on the end of the cable, see fig. on right.
If you take decorative feeders, then there are no design restrictions: the bright colors of the birds do not scare away, they can easily distinguish a painted cat from a living one, and they will also bite the image in retaliation; give just a few examples in the figure:
Decorative bird feeders
According to the execution technique, it is better to avoid varnished and shiny surfaces, as in pos. 1. On smooth claws, it is more difficult to catch, grains from the beak dodge, and glare cut sensitive bird’s eyes.
Feeders for wild birds made of pumpkin do not fit into any classification, but for birds it’s a paradise: proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins with trace elements – all in one and in sufficient quantities. Plus, strong and at the same time flexible support under the claws. It’s not necessary to make a pumpkin out of a house or to cut a scarecrow’s face on it, as in the figure: it is enough to remove a piece of skin from one side to the pulp, and before the spring only the skin will remain from the pumpkin. Perhaps suitable for entertaining crafts.
Pumpkin Wild Bird Feeders
How to feed wild birds?
Wheat, rye and bread from them should be avoided: the avian organism is not able to process excess starch. Black bread is especially dangerous: it causes goiter inflammation, which often leads to the death of the bird. Completely dry crumbs of white bread can be given to pigeons and fruit-eating birds. The same applies to all cereals that swell heavily during cooking: barley (barley), rice, and buckwheat. For corn, as mentioned above, you need to be careful. In general, it should be borne in mind that wild birds are smaller than chickens with ducks, and their digestion is unusual for domestic feed.
Note: peel of citrus and tropical fruits – bananas, mangoes, avocados, mangosteens, sapodillas, etc. for our birds is deadly poison. It’s about sugar.
Of the vitamin top dressing, the best, as already mentioned, are brushes and clusters of wild berries. In addition to the mentioned mountain ash, viburnum, elderberry, barberry, currant, aronia, juniper willingly peck. In the southern regions – cotoneaster, berries of "wild grapes" (cissus), boxwood. Stones of table grapes, cherries and sweet cherry from compote, melon and watermelon seeds (not flesh!), Apple and pear seeds with seeds, grated raw carrots are also an excellent vitamin top dressing. Whole fruits should not be given: feeding on them, and the most important tit will not resist the temptation to peck them in the garden in the summer.
An important component of the bird’s diet is mineral fertilizing and solid inclusions, grinding food in the stomach. Of the minerals, calcium is the most important. Its source on the feeder is finely crushed eggshell. It must be given without fail if you want winter eaters to spring nest right there. Even birds, like domestic chickens, need sand. It needs to be sprinkled a little, always river rounded and the smallest.
Funny at last
The author finds it difficult to explain the case described in conclusion. A similar protective reaction of birds is known, but among the inhabitants of bird markets, and not in small pichuga. A council of ornithologists would not hurt here.
So, a young man with an actively destructive way of thinking in the winter heard that brown bread and banana peels for birds are deadly. Immediately set to work: not too lazy and put together a feeder, dried and finely chopped banana peels. Then he forked out for a loaf of Borodinsky for 40 rubles. at the then price, crumbled it too. I mixed everything, hung up a feeding trough, poured bird poison into it.
The next morning he went, looking forward to the "task", to see how many of them were lying there with bloated goiters. It turned out – not a single one, the food was not touched. The hapless terrorist had no time to decide what he should think about this, as flocks fell from the surrounding trees and showered Grisha with “business cards”. Separate "cards" merged into a continuous blanket, and a handful was formed on the head. Since then, the poor fellow has carefully and cautiously avoided even flocks of sparrows on asphalt.